Basic information on symptoms:Thyroid function disorders

Important to normalize the immune system and the metabolic balance

Autoimmune disease and thyroid function disorder

The thyroid gland is located just below the Adam's apple and secretes three different hormones, which all play important roles in the growth and metabolism in various parts of the body. Many diseases associated with the thyroid gland are attributable to imbalance of these hormones, and most diseases are "autoimmune diseases" (Refer to the explanations below).

The following are the major thyroid function disorders.

Chronic thyroiditis (Hashimoto disease)

This is a typical disease of autoimmune disorder and is considered to be linked to development of hyperthyroidism or hypothyroidism. In general, swollen thyroid gland but no other symptom is seen with this disease. Chronic thyroidititis can be found in the autoantibody screening test. Autoantibodies are detected in relatively high percentages in test subjects in the screening: about 1 out of 10 females and about 1 out of 25 males.

Hyperthyroidism

This is resulted mainly from Basedow's disease. Hyperfunctioning thyroid gland secretes excessive thyroid hormone. Other than Basedow's disease, Plummer disease, which is caused by a tumor developed in the thyroid gland, may induce hyperthyroidism.

Hypothyroidism

This is a disease where general metabolic function is decreased due to the decreased secretion of thyroid hormones. Hypothyroidism is often resulted from Hashimoto disease. It may appear as an aftereffect of the treatment of hyperthyroidism.

Autoimmune disease and thyroid function disorders

Human body has a function to attack and eliminate invading organisms from outside. This function is called "immune." This immune system sometimes mistakenly reacts against the host own cells in the body. Such reaction is called autoimmune reaction, and a disease induced by autoimmune reactions is called "autoimmune disease."

The autoimmune reaction is considered to result in the formation of a substance responsible for the development of a thyroid function disorder by stimulating the thyroid to enhance or depress the secretion of thyroid hormones.

Similar symptoms to those of menopausal disorder, but no association with it

As shown below, various subjective symptoms are seen with thyroid function disorders. Swelling of the thyroid gland is another common symptom. In general, thyroid function disorders progress slowly. Thus, the symptoms shown below appear not all at the same time, but usually appear gradually.

Subjective symptoms of Hyperthyroidism Subjective symptoms of Hypothyroidism
Protuberance of the eyeballs, swollen face, palpitation, tachycardia, diaphoresis, slight fever, insomnia, tremor of hands and feet, fatigue, weight loss, exaggerated appetite, and diarrhea Swollen face, general swelling, feeling cold, dry skin, loss of hair, lower voice, weight gain, constipation, decrease in volition, and depression

Thyroid diseases are seen in a relatively high incidence also in postmenopausal women. Because of the similarity in symptoms, thyroid diseases are often confused with menopausal disorder. Thyroid diseases and menopausal disorder, however, are completely different from each other and have no direct association between them. In addition, their medical treatments are also different from each other. Thyroid diseases and menopausal disorder can be easily diagnosed from the clinical test. Therefore, when the outcome of the on-going treatment is not satisfactory, it is recommended to perform the clinical test for confirmation.

Chlorella therapy aims at fundamental improvement of the disorder.

Hyperthyroidism can be treated by the following three types of therapies.

[1] Drug therapy

This is most commonly applied for treating hyperthyroidism. In this therapy, an antithyroid drug is administered to depress the secretion of thyroid hormones.

[2] Surgical therapy

This is selected when drug therapy is not effective or when symptoms are severe. The thyroid gland is partially removed, leaving small portions. This is applied usually to young patients.

[3] Radioactive iodine therapy

This is the therapy based on the high affinity of iodine to the thyroid tissue. When administered, radioactive iodine is readily incorporated into the thyroid tissue and destroys the tissue. This therapy is selected for treatment of elderly patients or patients with complications, for whom surgical therapy is not applicable.

Hypothyroidism is treated with a drug therapy, where a hormone drug is administered for the supplementation of the deficient thyroid hormone.
Chlorella and Eleuthero have effects to normalize the immune system and the metabolic balance in the body, and therefore are expected to have effects fundamentally to improve the disorders, hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism, which are apparently opposite in terms of the direction of the changes in secretion of thyroid hormones. In fact, our association has received many reports on the recoveries from these diseases.

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